Present Perfect

Question: What has she completed?

Incorrect answer :( Remove the last word.

Use these words to answer:

She has her finished homework

In English, we use the "Present Perfect" tense to talk about actions or experiences that have a connection to the present. To form a sentence in the Present Perfect, you need two things:

  1. The verb "have" (in the correct form: "have" or "has").
  2. The past participle form of the main verb (usually ending in "-ed" for regular verbs).

Here are some examples:

  • I have traveled to many countries. (positive sentence)
  • She hasn't eaten lunch yet. (negative sentence)
  • Have you seen that movie? (question)

Remember, the Present Perfect focuses on the connection between the past and the present. It's often used to talk about experiences in life or actions that happened at an unspecified time before now.

  • I have completed my homework for today.
  • They have never been to Paris.
  • She has read that book several times.
  • We have just watched a fantastic movie.
  • He has already eaten breakfast.
  • They have traveled around Europe this summer.
  • She has visited the museum twice this month.
  • Have you ever tried sushi?
  • My parents have known each other for 30 years.
  • We haven't seen each other in a long time.

The Present Perfect is a tense in English that can cause some difficulties for those learning it. Here are a few subtleties worth considering:

    1. Signal Words: In English, when we use the "Present Perfect" tense, we often include words and phrases that connect the action to the present time. These can include words like "for," "since," "just," "already," and "yet." For example: "I have just finished my work."

    2. Simple and Continuous Verbs: The Present Perfect tense is used with both simple verbs (e.g., "work," "live") and action verbs (e.g., "do," "eat"). The choice of verb type can affect the meaning of the sentence. For example: "I have worked here for five years" (simple) and "I have done my homework" (action).

    3. Questions and Negations: To form questions in the Present Perfect, we often use the auxiliary verbs "have" or "has." For example: "Have you ever been to New York?" To make negative sentences, we add "not" after the auxiliary verb. For example: "I have not (haven't) seen that movie."

    4. Regular and Irregular Verbs: Regular verbs in the Present Perfect are formed by adding "ed" to the base form, such as "work - worked." Irregular verbs have unique forms that need to be memorized, for example, "go - gone" or "eat - eaten."

    5. Duration and Result: The Present Perfect can express both the duration of an action that continues to the present ("I have lived here for five years") and the result or experience of an action ("I have visited Paris").

    6. Exceptions: There are cases when the Present Perfect is not used, and Simple Past is preferred. This happens when referring to specific past time points or events that have clearly concluded. For example: "Yesterday, I visited the museum."

    7. Context and Style: The use of Present Perfect can vary depending on the context and communication style. In casual conversation, it can often be replaced with Simple Past, especially when talking about actions that happened at a specific moment in the past. In formal or academic writing, Present Perfect may be more common.

Understanding these nuances will help you use Present Perfect effectively and interpret it in texts and conversations.